Parenting is a process of raising and educating children from birth, or before, to adulthood. In humans, it is usually done by their parents, although sometimes government or social workers are involved. Especially in children living in orphanages or in children who are denied or ignored by their parents. The role of parenting is done by authorized institutions or by others. So that these children accept parenting roles rather than their biological parents.
Parental duties can be perform by non-biological parents as long as these tasks can be fulfill. The task of parents to children includes the fulfillment of all needs and tasks of child development. Like both physically, intellectually, and emotionally. The fulfillment of physical needs consists of providing shelter, clothing, and food. Protecting children from harm, physical care, and child health checks. While stimulation for children’s physical development involves making sure the child grows and develops physically. Exercises physical growth, introduces children to sports, develops healthy habits, and introduces children to physical games.
Fulfillment of the intellectual needs of the child means the fulfillment of a condition that allows the child’s thinking ability to develop optimally, which is possible if the child’s self-esteem is protected. If the child’s self-esteem is protected, then the child will be able to learn. This is achieved through the fulfillment of a sense of justice and peace in the family. No family member is threatened with self-esteem. Providing a non-threatening, threatening and verbally abusive environment. The time to get closer together and a sense of togetherness to spend an enjoyable time together -same. The anticipated intellectual development of the child means the availability of opportunities for the child to learn about the laws of nature and morals, learning to read, writing, arithmetic, intellectual play, social and ethical skills, moral and spiritual development through a system of values and ethics, norms and customs apply in the community.
Fulfilling the emotional needs of children means protecting the child from dangerous dangers that threaten his emotions. The availability of a safe and loving environment ensures that the child can feel that he is loved, desired and cherished. To develop a sense that children feel loved is through emotional support and encouragement, safe attachment formation, and consistent hugs and touch. The arbitrary development of the child’s emotions is possible if there is an opportunity for the child to love, love and help others. Developing a child’s abilities in this case can be done by showing empathy and affection to others and younger or older, stronger or weaker, to nature, to animals, plants and so on.